Currently, there is no U.S. federal statute requiring employers to provide their employees paid family or medical leave. This year, with less than two weeks until the 2016 election, both candidates have set forth plans for paid family leave for the first time in a U.S. presidential election. Paid family leave is an issue which affects millions of voters, but has received comparatively little attention in the media and, until now, hasn’t been supported by a Republican presidential candidate.
The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) is a federal statute which entitles eligible employees to take 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave within a 12-month period due to the employee’s own serious health condition, to care for a family member with a serious health condition, or to care for a new child. According to the Department of Labor, the FMLA is “designed to help employees balance their work and family responsibilities by allowing them to take reasonable unpaid leave for certain family and medical reasons.”