As you may know, many municipalities and local governments have enacted minimum wage increases over the past few years as part of a “fight for $15” campaign. New York City, Los Angeles, and Seattle are a few of the cities that are implementing increases in the minimum wage, ultimately raising it to $15 an hour for most workers. Illinois is in the process of passing a wage bill that would increase the minimum wage statewide. Proponents of these bills and laws generally take the position that raising the minimum wage will result in higher wages and better working conditions for employees. Two recent studies attempted to assess the economic effects of Seattle’s wage laws and came to strikingly different conclusions.
In January 2016, Seattle increased its minimum wage for large companies to $13 per hour, as part of a series of increases that would ultimately move the minimum wage in the city from $9 per hour in 2014 to $15 in the future. Two studies—one by UC Berkeley’s Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, the other by economists from the University of Washington—reached opposite conclusions on the impact the increases have had on workers in Seattle, with the Berkeley study finding that workers earned more money and the University of Washington study finding that they earned less.