Articles Posted in ADEA

Lev Craig

Last week, on June 26, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court denied plaintiff Richard Villarreal’s petition for a writ of certiorari, declining to review the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit’s decision in Villarreal v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., a case arising under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA). In Villarreal, the court was asked to consider whether the ADEA permits job applicants who have been disadvantaged in the hiring process because of their age to bring disparate impact claims. The Eleventh Circuit ruled against Villarreal, holding that the ADEA only creates a disparate impact cause of action for existing employees, not job applicants. The Supreme Court’s refusal to grant certiorari means that the Eleventh Circuit’s decision will stand and, for now, the issue will remain open to interpretation by lower courts and the other Circuits.

In 2007, Richard Villarreal applied for a position as a territory manager at R.J. Reynolds, a large tobacco manufacturer and distributor. R.J. Reynolds rejected Villarreal, who was 49 years old at the time, based on a set of standardized internal guidelines. These guidelines stated that the ideal candidate for the territory manager position would be “2–3 years out of college” and instructed reviewers to “stay away from” applicants whose résumés stated that they had been “in sales for 8–10 years.”

By Shelby Krzastek

Former UBS Securities, LLC (UBS) employees Shannon Zoller and Alexander Beigelman claim that UBS forced laid-off employees to release claims against UBS to receive deferred compensation to which they were already entitled under their employment contract. The policy allegedly breaches UBS’s employee contract and violates New York and Illinois state labor laws, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and the Older Workers Benefit Protection Act. On December 12, 2016, Zoller and Beigelman filed a putative class action against UBS in the U.S. District Court of Illinois.

The suit alleges that, in February 2013, numerous subsidiaries of UBS implemented a policy requiring any employee laid off during staff reductions to sign a waiver and release of claims in order to receive previously earned deferred compensation. According to Zoller and Beigelman, UBS hid the policy in an appendix to a document accompanying the employee contract.

Yarelyn Mena and Edgar M. Rivera, Esq.

On October 15, 2013, after twenty-five years of employment Dr. Farrokh Seifaee was one of fifteen employees terminated from AREVA, Inc. (AREVA) as a part of a reduction in force (“RIF”). The group of fifteen all had one thing in common: every member was over the age of fifty-five years old. On May 12, 2014, Seifaee filed a complaint alleging age discrimination in violation of the Massachusetts Anti-Discrimination Law and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA).

In 2011, AREVA lost funding on major projects, resulting in several layoffs in an initial RIF. For the next several years, Seifaee’s team and various others had little work to do as projects began to diminish. In September 2013, AREVA’s management began preparing for another RIF. Department heads, including Seifaee’s supervisor Bret Boman, created criterion to determine which employees would be laid off. The criterion considered business needs, current and past evaluations of each employee, and the employee’s critical or unique skills. Each employee was rated on a scale from one to ten, along with written documentation supporting the evaluation.

Yarelyn Mena and Edgar M. Rivera, Esq.

In February 2015, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) filed a lawsuit in the South District of Florida against Ruby Tuesday, a national restaurant chain, alleging age discrimination. The EEOC alleges that Ruby Tuesday discriminated against older applicants for both “front of the house” positions, which include host and server positions, and “back of the house” positions, which include chef and kitchen manager positions. The complaint claims that Ruby Tuesday’s management told older applicants that they were “too experienced,” that Ruby Tuesday was searching for “fresh” youthful employees, and that “[Ruby Tuesday] wasn’t looking for “old white guys.”

This lawsuit is not the first time Ruby Tuesday has been accused of age discrimination. In 2013, Ruby Tuesday agreed to pay $575,000 to settle another age discrimination lawsuit filed by the EEOC in Western District of Pennsylvania, which alleged that Ruby Tuesday directly or implicitly instructed the managers at six restaurants in Pennsylvania and Ohio to not hire servers, bartenders, hostesses or kitchen staff over the age of 40.